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Dogs
Haemorrhage after liver biopsy in a dog with portosystemic shunt
  1. Nikola Katić1,
  2. Christina Katić1,
  3. Martin Reifinger2 and
  4. Gilles Dupré1
  1. 1Department of Small Animals and Horses, Clinic for Small Animal Surgery, Ophthalmology, Dentistry and Rehabilitation, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Vienna, Austria
  2. 2Department of Patho-Biology and Forensics, Institute for Pathology and Forensics, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Vienna, Austria
  1. Correspondence to Dr Nikola Katić, nikola.katic{at}vetmeduni.ac.at

Abstract

A 5-year-old intact female Chihuahua was transferred to our hospital for attenuation of a portosystemic shunt. The attenuation was done by means of cellophane banding and a routine liver biopsy was taken. Postoperatively, the dog developed haemoabdomen and the haematocrit dropped to 11 per cent. Relaparotomy revealed an acute haemorrhage from the biopsy site and partial liver lobectomy was performed to control bleeding. Despite all attempts at treatment, the dog developed serious metabolic and respiratory derangements and eventually died after an episode of respiratory arrest. With this report, the authors want to raise awareness of this potentially fatal complication and motivate the readers to weigh the benefit of additional information against the risk a ‘simple’ liver biopsy could entail in animals undergoing portosystemic shunt attenuation.

  • Dogs
  • Portosystemic Shunt
  • Liver Biopsy
  • Haemorrhage
  • Received May 16, 2014.
  • Revision received July 11, 2014.
  • Accepted July 28, 2014.

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  • Received May 16, 2014.
  • Revision received July 11, 2014.
  • Accepted July 28, 2014.
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