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Dogs
Cyclic neutropenia in a basset hound
  1. Liza Köster1,2,
  2. Cindy Harper3 and
  3. Amelia Goddard4
  1. 1Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, Gauteng, South Africa
  2. 2Department of Small Animal Internal Medicine, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Basseterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis
  3. 3Veterinary Genetics Laboratory, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, Gauteng, South Africa
  4. 4Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, Gauteng, South Africa
  1. Correspondence to Dr Liza Köster, lizakoster{at}gmail.com

Abstract

A six-month-old male basset hound was referred for intermittent malaise and pyrexia that repeated every 10–11 days. Sequential blood counts and bone marrow aspirates demonstrated severe neutropenia and increased myeloid precursor cells in the bone marrow from day 2 of each cycle. By day 5, the bone marrow had predominantly mature neutrophils and band cells, and by day 10 the myeloid precursors had decreased with a myeloid:erythroid of 0.4:1. During the same period, the blood neutrophils had rebounded to normal counts by day 5 and were declining by days 9 and 10. The monocytes and platelets were oscillating in an opposite phase to the neutrophils. The age of onset, regular cycle length, oscillations of neutrophil, platelet and monocyte counts and characteristic bone marrow cytology were diagnostic for cyclic neutropenia. This syndrome has never before been described in any breed other than the grey collie. The grey collie gene mutation was not found in this dog. However, based on the clinical signs and haematological and bone marrow results, it can be deduced that cyclic neutropenia may develop as a result of other mutations in neutrophil elastase expression.

  • Genetics
  • Haemotology
  • Dogs
  • Received September 9, 2014.
  • Revision received November 25, 2014.
  • Accepted December 11, 2014.

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  • Received September 9, 2014.
  • Revision received November 25, 2014.
  • Accepted December 11, 2014.
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