A 7.6-week-old male Simmental calf was presented because of vehement tenesmus. Clinical neurological examination revealed sensomotoric dysfunction. Clinical pathology indicated a severe liver dystrophy and cholestasis. Laboratory parameters of cerebrospinal fluid were within the reference ranges. Investigation of concentration of blood ammonia showed an extensive elevation. On ultrasonographic examination, severe dilation of the bile ducts and gall bladder was detected. Hepatic encephalopathy was diagnosed and the animal was euthanased due to the severity of the underlying liver dystrophy as determined by clinical, laboratory and ultrasonographic examination. Pathological findings confirmed the diagnosis.
- Central nervous system (CNS)
- Hepatic disease
- Received October 17, 2014.
- Revision received November 27, 2014.
- Accepted December 9, 2014.
- British Veterinary Association
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