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Cervical oesophageal perforation by a colostrum tube with metal end-piece in neonatal calves
  1. Bart Pardon1,
  2. Bonnie Rose Valgaeren1,
  3. Koen Chiers2,
  4. Jimmy Saunders3 and
  5. Piet R Deprez1
  1. 1Department of Large Animal Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
  2. 2Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Poultry Diseases, University of Gent, Merelbeke, Belgium
  3. 3Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Medical Imaging of Domestic Animals, University of Ghent, Merelbeke, Belgium
  1. Correspondence to Dr Bart Pardon, bart.pardon{at}ugent.be

Abstract

In a three-month period, a Belgian Blue beef herd was confronted with three unexplained mortalities in neonatal calves, characterised by the development of a marked cervical swelling. A fourth case was referred for closer examination. On clinical examination, the animal showed a diffuse cervical swelling with oedema and crepitation, depression, anorexia and muffled lung sounds. A barium contrast-enhanced radiograph showed diffusion of contrast liquid from the oesophagus into the surrounding tissues, consistent with oesophageal perforation. Postmortem examination showed a fibrino-necrotising (peri)oesophagitis, tracheitis and myositis, pyothorax, pneumomediastinum and pericardial emphysema. A perforating tear was present in the ventral oesophagus, 15 cm caudal from the larynx. The cause was an inappropriate tubing technique of the farmer and possibly the use of an oesophageal feeder with metal end-piece.

  • Colostral immunity
  • Oesophagus
  • Oesophageal feeder
  • Perforation
  • Contrast radiography
  • Received July 2, 2015.
  • Accepted July 24, 2015.

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