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Successful nutritional management of a 21-year-old Quarter Horse gelding with acute renal failure
  1. Veerle Ludmilla Vandendriessche1,
  2. Alexander Dufourni2,
  3. Gunther van Loon2 and
  4. Myriam Hesta1
  1. 1Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
  2. 2Department of Large Animal Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
  1. Correspondence to Veerle Ludmilla Vandendriessche, veerle.vandendriessche{at}ugent.be

Abstract

A 21-year-old Quarter Horse gelding was diagnosed with acute renal failure after an acute kidney injury. Upon discharge a nutritional recommendation was given with the aim to minimise risk for chronic renal failure development by optimally supporting kidney function. A ration was designed to achieve weight gain, to decrease retention of renal toxic solutes from protein catabolism by limiting protein intake, to avoid gastric ulcer development by limiting sugar and starch intake per meal to 1.5 g/kg of ideal bodyweight, to supply ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids for their kidney protective properties and restrict dietary calcium uptake to avoid hypercalcaemia development. Three months after implementing the recommendation the horse's ideal bodyweight was reached, muscle mass was regained and its renal blood parameters were normalised. Biannual blood checks with a nutritional recommendation to maintain bodyweight in a healthy horse were applied hereafter.

  • Horses
  • protein requirement
  • Renal disease
  • Received March 3, 2016.
  • Revision received April 25, 2016.
  • Accepted April 26, 2016.

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  • Received March 3, 2016.
  • Revision received April 25, 2016.
  • Accepted April 26, 2016.
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