Article Text

PDF
Cats
Cat: The importance of a correct management and basic anaesthetic monitoring in a tension pneumothorax and tracheal foreign body
  1. Ilaria Cerasoli1,
  2. Ingeborgh Polis1,
  3. Stijn Schauvliege2,
  4. Elke Van der Vekens3 and
  5. Tim Bosmans1
  1. 1Department of Medicine and Clinical Biology of Small Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
  2. 2Department of Surgery and Anaesthesiology, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
  3. 3Department of Veterinary medical imaging and small animal orthopaedics, Universiteit Gent Faculteit Diergeneeskunde, Merelbeke, Belgium
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ilaria Cerasoli, ilaria.cerasoli{at}ugent.be

Abstract

A six-year-old, male neutered, European domestic shorthair cat was presented at the emergency service of the Ghent University Small Animal Clinic with severe respiratory distress, subcutaneous emphysema and suspicion of an oesophageal foreign body reported by the referring veterinarian. After a radiographic study, a clinical examination suggested the presence of pneumothorax. Emergency thoracocentesis and thoracotomy were performed. Monitoring consisted of electrocardiography, capnography, pulse oximetry and non-invasive blood pressure. Sudden damping, followed by disappearance of the capnography curve was recorded during anaesthesia despite the use of intermittent positive pressure ventilation. A tracheal foreign body was found and removed. No macroscopic lesion in the trachea was found. After thoracic drain placement, the cat recovered uneventfully. A rapid, multidisciplinary approach is required when severe tension pneumothorax is present and standard anaesthetic monitoring tools are useful in detecting and solving early complications.

  • Cats
  • tension pneumothorax
  • capnography
  • pulse oxymetry
  • emergency
  • Received March 23, 2016.
  • Revision received July 6, 2016.
  • Accepted August 2, 2016.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

  • Received March 23, 2016.
  • Revision received July 6, 2016.
  • Accepted August 2, 2016.
View Full Text

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.