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Dogs
Avulsion fracture of the femoral attachment of the caudal cruciate ligament treated by arthroscopy in a Bernese Mountain puppy
  1. Véronique Livet1 and
  2. Thibaut Cachon2
  1. 1VetAgro Sup, Marcy l'Etoile, France
  2. 2Department of Surgery, VetAgro Sup, Marcy l'Etoile, France
  1. Correspondence to Dr Véronique Livet, veronique.livet{at}vetagro-sup.fr

Abstract

A five-month-old male Bernese Mountain dog weighing 27.4 kg was presented for evaluation of an acute non-weightbearing left pelvic limb lameness. Radiographs and CT revealed an avulsion fracture of the femoral attachment of the caudal cruciate ligament (CaCL). A left stifle arthroscopy was performed. Reduction and internal fixation were realised under arthroscopic guidance using a Kirschner wire (1.8 mm) and a single cortical screw (2.0 mm). Ten weeks postoperatively, the implants were removed via arthroscopy. A mild persistent intermittent weightbearing lameness was noted. Normal healing and resolution of lameness followed and the dog was clinically healthy 6 months postoperatively. As in human medicine, surgical treatment of a CaCL avulsion injury in dogs can be performed under arthroscopic guidance. Even though surgical treatment is not always required, it seemed indicated in this case and arthroscopic treatment was successful.

  • Dogs
  • Avulsion fracture
  • Caudal cruciate ligament
  • Arthroscopy
  • Received June 23, 2016.
  • Revision received September 29, 2016.
  • Accepted October 20, 2016.

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  • Received June 23, 2016.
  • Revision received September 29, 2016.
  • Accepted October 20, 2016.
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Footnotes

  • Contributors VL realised the conception and design, the acquisition of data and interpretation of data and drafting the article. TC revised it critically for important intellectual content and gave the final approval for the version published.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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