A five-year-old Austrian thoroughbred mare underwent anaesthesia and was mechanically ventilated using a Smith respirator L.A.-90. Shortly after commencing, capnography displayed a curve compatible with airway obstruction and haemoglobin saturation decreased progressively. Unexpectedly, positive-end expiratory pressure and peak inspiratory pressure reached 20 cm H2O and 50 cm H2O, respectively. The ventilator was disconnected and the patient ventilated manually, promptly correcting capnography and saturation. A later inspection of the ventilator identified two problems. The expiratory flow regulator, made of two overriding metal rings, was inadvertently rotated, preventing gas from escaping the system during expiration. Additionally, the poorly labelled knob limiting PIP had been left on 50 cm H2O. The authors describe a critical incident due to both, some specific features and limitations of the Smith Respirator L.A.-90, and the lack of familiarity of the anaesthetists with the ventilator. Implementing checklists may guide inexperienced users through the safe use of equipment.
- Critical incident
- Anaesthetic equipment
- Received October 4, 2016.
- Revision received January 12, 2017.
- Accepted January 31, 2017.
- © British Veterinary Association (unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.