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Dogs
Persistent bacteriuria in a dog caused by Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Indiana
  1. Katharina Meidinger1,
  2. Stefan Schellenberg2 and
  3. Stefanie Gobeli Brawand1
  1. 1Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology, Bern, Switzerland
  2. 2Tierklinik Aarau West, Oberentfelden, Switzerland
  1. Correspondence to Dr Katharina Meidinger; katharina.meidinger{at}vetsuisse.unibe.ch

Abstract

An 11-year-old male intact Kromfohrländer dog was presented with vomiting, inappetence and progressive lethargy. Polypoid cystitis and acute prostatitis were suspected. Bacterial culture of the urine revealed a bacteriuria with Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Indiana (referred to as S Indiana). Although the general condition improved with antibiotic treatment (enrofloxacin; 10 mg/kg/day orally and osaterone acetate; 3.75 mg/kg/day orally), S Indiana was still present in the dog's urine four weeks later. Repeated treatment with antibiotics (amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, 18 mg/kg orally) resulted in full recovery of the dog but S Indiana was still present in the urine. Clinical improvement under antibiotic treatment indicates that S Indiana was probably the causative agent of the diagnosed cystitis and prostatitis, but long-known chronic diseases may have favoured the colonisation with this pathogen and its persistence. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of bacteriuria associated with S Indiana in a dog.

  • Salmonella
  • Dogs
  • Urinary Tract
  • Received March 28, 2017.
  • Revision received June 20, 2017.
  • Accepted July 18, 2017.

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  • Received March 28, 2017.
  • Revision received June 20, 2017.
  • Accepted July 18, 2017.
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Footnotes

  • Contributors KM is the main author. SS examined the clinical case and contributed to the manuscript and SG reviewed it.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement No additional data are available for this paper.

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