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Suspect West Nile encephalitis in a horse imported into the UK from Europe
  1. A. R. Fooks1,
  2. D. L. Horton1,
  3. L. P. Phipps1,
  4. K. L. Mansfield1,
  5. F. McCracken1,
  6. C. L. Jeffries1,
  7. N. Johnson1,
  8. S. Wrigley2,
  9. R. Deuchande3,
  10. B. Toth4 and
  11. R. Alzola5
  1. 1Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA-Weybridge), Addlestone, UK
  2. 2Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA-Leicester), Leicester, UK
  3. 3Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA-Sutton Bonington), Sutton Bonington, UK
  4. 4Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA-London), London, UK
  5. 5Oakham Equine Veterinary Hospital, Leicester, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Anthony R Fooks, tony.fooks{at}


The authors have detected West Nile virus-specific antibodies in a horse in the UK with signs of neurological disease. The horse had recently been imported from Europe and does not represent a threat for onward transmission itself, but highlights the need for vigilance for this zoonotic vector-borne disease in the UK.

  • Horses
  • Vector-borne diseases
  • West Nile fever virus
  • Virology
  • Zoonoses
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