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Re-emergence of the Schmallenberg virus associated triad hydranencephaly-micromyelia-arthrogryposis in a newborn calf in Belgium, 2016
  1. Calixte Bayrou1,
  2. Mutien Garigliany2,
  3. Dominique Cassart3,
  4. Arnaud Sartelet4 and
  5. Daniel JM Desmecht5
  1. 1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Morphology and Pathology, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
  2. 2Veterinary Pathology, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium
  3. 3Department of Morphology and Pathology, University of Liege, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Liege, Belgium
  4. 4Clinical Department of the Food Animals, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
  5. 5Pathology, Universite de Liege Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Liege, Belgium
  1. Correspondence to Professor Daniel JM Desmecht, daniel.desmecht{at}


Schmallenberg virus (SBV) emerged in Germany in 2011, then spread rapidly across Europe, causing an epizootic outbreak of abortion, stillbirth and birth at term of lambs, kids and calves with neurological signs and/or musculoskeletal malformations. SBV-associated disease in newborns disappeared in Belgium in 2013. Here, the authors describe a SBV genomic RNA-positive malformed calf born in May 2016. It reveals the return of SBV circulation during the fall of 2015 in the said area.

  • Belgium
  • Schmallenberg virus
  • Cattle
  • Orthobunyavirus
  • Ruminants
  • vector-borne infections
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