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First reported caesarean section performed under light anaesthesia in a lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris)
  1. Elliott Lloyd Simpson
  1. Westover Veterinary Centre, Norwich, Norfolk, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Elliott Lloyd Simpson; elliottsimpson{at}, es9430{at}


This is a case report describing a caesarean section in a lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris), under field conditions, at a UK zoological collection. The procedure was performed through a left flank incision under light anaesthesia with use of local anaesthetic, whereby a stillborn calf was delivered. Recovery was uneventful, with the wound healing in a matter of weeks. Despite being studied in both the wild and captivity, no successful caesarean section has ever been described in either this species or any other tapir species.

  • zoo animals
  • reproduction
  • emergency medicine
  • abdominal
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  • Contributors ELS is the sole author.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement Further data is available upon request to the corresponding author.

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