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Cattle
Myocardial depression in a calf with septic shock
  1. Amir Naseri1,
  2. Kursad Turgut1,2,
  3. Ismail Sen1,2,
  4. Merve Ider1 and
  5. Aybars Akar1
  1. 1Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
  2. 2Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Near East University, Nicosia, Northern Cyprus
  1. Correspondence to Dr Amir Naseri, Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Selcuk Universitesi, Konya, Turkey ; anaseri{at}selcuk.edu.tr

Abstract

A 10-day-old, 32-kg Simmental heifer calf was presented with a 2-day history of diarrhoea and anorexia. The diagnosis of septic shock was based on the presence of severe sepsis and hypotension that could not be reversed with fluid resuscitation. Echocardiographic findings included a hypokinetic left ventricle with decreased left ventricle ejection fraction, stroke volume and cardiac index. The end-systolic volume index (ESVI) was elevated to 36.14 ml/m2 and a depressed end-diastolic volume index (EDVI) (51.31 ml/m2). Left ventricular depression was normalised 24 hours after resuscitation. It was concluded that myocardial depression could be reversible in the calf with septic shock; however, according to the postresuscitation echocardiographic findings, a decreased ESVI suggests vasomotor dysregulation and a decreased EDVI suggests alterations in vascular permeability. These were the major implications of sepsis and resulted in multiple organ dysfunction and death.

  • myocardial depression
  • echocardiography
  • calf
  • septic shock

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Footnotes

  • Contributors AN: echocardiographic evaluation and interpretation of data. KT: analysis and interpretation of data, and final editing the manuscript. İS: drafting the manuscript. MI and AA: drafting the manuscript.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement All data can be shared externally without any permission from author(s).

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