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Ruminal impaction in a miniature zebu steer
  1. Jesse F Tyma,
  2. Kelsey A Hart,
  3. Jelline Vautier and
  4. Jarred M Williams
  1. Large Animal Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jesse F Tyma; jftyma{at}


An approximately one-year-old miniature zebu steer was examined for lethargy, anorexia and decreased faecal output of one day’s duration. Based on the steer’s history of malnourishment, physical examination and abdominal radiographic images, ruminal impaction was discussed as the top differential diagnosis. Exploratory flank laparotomy and rumenotomy demonstrated severe ruminal impaction of primarily hickory nuts with additional fibrous feed material, sand and two small, blunt, metallic objects. These materials were manually removed, and the rumen and reticulum were thoroughly lavaged. The steer recovered well from general anaesthesia and was treated with repeated orogastric transfaunation postoperatively. The steer did well for the remainder of his hospitalisation, was returned to a normal diet, resumed passage of normal faeces and was discharged three days postoperatively.

  • abdominal
  • cattle
  • gastrointestinal
  • imaging
  • surgery
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  • Contributors Conception of work: JFT and JV. Data collection: JFT and JV. Interpretation: JV, KAH and JMW. Drafting the article: JFT. Critical revision of the article: JFT, JV, KAH and JMW. Final approval of the version to be published: JFT, KAH, JMW and JV.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data statement No additional data are available.

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