Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Anaemia in a llama (Lama glama): treatment, regeneration and differential diagnoses
  1. Matthias Gerhard Wagener,
  2. Lucie Marie Grimm and
  3. Martin Ganter
  1. Clinic for Swine and Small Ruminants, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover Foundation, Hannover, Germany
  1. Correspondence to Matthias Gerhard Wagener; matthias.gerhard.wagener{at}


Anaemia is a common finding in South American camelids presented to the veterinary clinic. This report describes the case of a llama presented with general weakness and pale conjunctives, displaying severe anaemia with a Packed Cell Volume (PCV) of 6 per cent and suffering from haemonchosis. The animal was presented in lateral recumbency before being treated with whole blood transfusion. After administering a total volume of 850-ml blood, the clinical condition improved remarkably. Regeneration of the haematological parameters required several weeks, PCV increased from 6 per cent on day 0 to 23 per cent on day 28.

  • south american camelids
  • blood transfusion
  • endoparasites
  • haematology
  • cabot rings
View Full Text

Statistics from


  • Contributors MGW wrote the manuscript; MGW and LMG examined the animal and diagnosed the case; LMG and MG reviewed the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement No additional data are available.

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.