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Cats
Acute abdomen secondary to nodular fat necrosis in a cat
  1. Victor Ortiz1,2,
  2. Emilie Cloup3 and
  3. Ana Ortiz3
  1. 1 University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
  2. 2 Byre Veterinary, Peterborough, UK
  3. 3 Department of Veterinary Medicine, Cambridge Veterinary School, Cambridge, UK
  1. Correspondence to Victor Ortiz; vortizmrcvs{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Nodular fat necrosis is a rare condition in the cat, and no cases of free-floating abdominal masses in cats have been previously reported in the literature. Furthermore, nodular fat necrosis when present has not been associated with an acute abdomen presentation. An adult neutered female cat presented with acute abdomen. An exploratory laparotomy was performed identifying two free-floating masses within the abdominal cavity of the patient. These masses were removed and the patient made an uneventful recovery. The histopathological analysis of the two free-floating abdominal masses was consistent with a diagnosis of nodular fat necrosis. Acute abdomen is a rare presentation in the cat. When investigation highlights multiple abdominal masses without obvious communication with organs, nodular fat necrosis should be considered as a differential diagnosis. Surgical resection of these lesions was associated with a good outcome in this cat, with no signs of pain being present following surgical resection of the masses.

  • nodular fat necrosis
  • free floating abdominal mass
  • acute abdomen

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Footnotes

  • Contributors VO participated in the writing of the manuscript and added the gross specimen images and radiographs. EC participated in the writing of the manuscript and added the histopathology images. AO participated in the writing of the manuscript. The three authors have made substantial contributions to the case report.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement No additional data are available.

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