Article Text

Amphibians, reptiles and fish
Nutritional fibrous osteodystrophy with chondroid metaplasia in a Nile monitor, Varanus niloticus


Carnivorous reptiles are not usually thought of as being prone to metabolic bone disorders. A constant diet lacking in calcium or bone and/or high in phosphorus or low in vitamin D3 can lead to this nutritional disorder in certain situations. Nile monitor lizards are carnivorous lizards native to Africa and common in the pet trade and as display animals in zoos. They normally consume whole vertebrate prey but will readily take muscle and organ offerings. This is a case of a Nile monitor that suffered fibrous osteodystrophy and chondroid metaplasia after being fed mostly muscle tissue for over two years. Once the diet was corrected the clinical signs resolved.

  • varanus niloticus
  • chondroid metaplasia
  • fibrous osteodystrophy
  • nile monitor

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.