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Dog
CT evaluation of mesenteric avulsion after abdominal blunt trauma in a dog
  1. Rachel Nixon1,
  2. Matteo Rossanese1,
  3. Luis Mesquita2 and
  4. Rachel Burrow3
  1. 1 Leahurst Small Animal Teaching Hospital, University of Liverpool, Neston, UK
  2. 2 Radiology Department, Willows Veterinary Centre and Referrals Service, Solihull, UK
  3. 3 School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Neston, UK
  1. Correspondence to Rachel Nixon; rachelnixon{at}yahoo.co.uk

Abstract

A 10-month-old German shepherd dog was presented following blunt abdominal trauma with evidence of circulatory shock. Abdominal ultrasonography and abdominocentesis confirmed a haemoabdomen. CT findings were consistent with active arterial abdominal bleeding secondary to mesenteric or splenic vessel rupture with a large haematoma visible in the region of the mesenteric root. The dog was stabilised prior to exploratory coeliotomy. This confirmed active haemorrhage of the cranial mesenteric artery and devitalisation of a large section of jejunum and ilium. The affected mesenteric vessels were ligated, and the affected intestinal segment was resected. While recovering from anaesthesia, the dog developed ventricular fibrillation. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was unsuccessfully attempted. With the increasing use of CT in veterinary trauma patients, the recognition of the features of blunt bowel and mesenteric injury is crucial for a successful diagnosis and management of these conditions.

  • abdominal
  • computed tomography (CT)
  • dogs
  • haemotology
  • surgery
  • trauma

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Footnotes

  • Contributors I can confirm that all four authors listed above contributed to the submitted case report.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement No additional data are available.

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