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Haemoabdomen due to suspected anaphylaxis in four dogs
  1. Rachael Birkbeck,
  2. Thomas Greensmith,
  3. Karen Humm and
  4. Erica Tinson
  1. Queen Mother Hospital for Small Animals, Royal Veterinary College, Hertfordshire, UK
  1. Correspondence to Rachael Birkbeck; rsmith7{at}


Haemoabdomen was diagnosed in four canine patients treated for suspected anaphylaxis. The diagnosis of anaphylaxis was based on a peracute history, compatible clinical signs, good response to supportive treatment and exclusion of other causes. The haemorrhagic peritoneal effusions occurred in the absence of an initiating coagulopathic disorder and without an alternative explanation for abdominal haemorrhage. In all patients, the haemoabdomen resolved with medical management alone. Anaphylaxis should be considered a potential differential diagnosis for spontaneous haemoabdomen in dogs.

  • haemoabdomen
  • haemoperitoneum
  • anaphylaxis
  • canine
  • dog
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  • Contributors RB has been the primary author for this case series. All authors have contributed cases and contributed to the conception and design of the case series. All authors have been involved in drafting the case series or revising it prior to submission.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement No additional data are available.

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