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Craniomandibular osteopathy in a golden jackal (Canis aureus)
  1. Darko M Marinković1,
  2. Mirjana Lazarević Macanović2,
  3. Nikola Krstić2,
  4. Duško Ćirović3 and
  5. Ingrid Gielen2,4
  1. 1 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  2. 2 Department of Radiology and Radiation Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  3. 3 Department of Animal Ecology and Zoogeography, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  4. 4 Department of Medical Imaging and Small Animal Orthopaedics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ingrid Gielen; ingrid.gielen{at}


Craniomandibular osteopathy is a rare disorder in dogs, characterised by subperiosteal and extraperiosteal new bone proliferations on the skull, on the mandibles in particular and occasionally on long bones. Data about craniomandibular osteopathy in the golden jackal (Canis aureus) are lacking. This paper describes craniomandibular osteopathy in a seven-month-old animal. The mandibular region and the distal section of the hindlimb were examined radiologically and by CT. Both imaging modalities showed ossifying periosteal deposits localised on the left side of the mandible and irregular periosteal ossifying deposits covering the surface of the crural bones. Histopathology revealed new bone formation in the endosteum, periosteum and trabecular bone of the mandible and in the distal section of the hindlimb, but no inflammatory cells were found. Craniomandibular osteopathy in free-living canids has not yet been reported. However, the macroscopic imaging and histopathological features in this pup were consistent with the disease.

  • bones
  • craniomandibular osteopathy
  • canis aureus
  • radiography
  • computed tomography
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  • Contributors DMM gathered all information and wrote the manuscript. MLM gathered information and drafted and revised the manuscript. NK was responsible for the radiographs and CT images. DC followed up the case and brought the animal to the University of Belgrade. IG was responsible for the data analysis and drafting and revising the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement No additional data are available.

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