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Dogs
Left atrial thrombosis secondary to blunt cardiac injury in two dogs
  1. Isabella Ballocco,
  2. Maria Luisa Pinna Parpaglia,
  3. Francesca Corda,
  4. Giovanna Serra and
  5. Andrea Corda
  1. Department of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
  1. Correspondence to Dr Maria Luisa Pinna Parpaglia; pinnapar{at}uniss.it

Abstract

Two dogs, victims of motor vehicle accidents, were hospitalised at our Veterinary Teaching Hospital with multiple injuries. Electrocardiographic abnormalities were observed in both dogs: case 1 showed ventricular arrhythmias, while case 2 manifested second degree atrioventricular block. Increased cardiac troponin-I serum levels and echocardiographic alterations compatible with left atrial wall lesions and thrombosis were detected. Based on these symptoms, the dogs were diagnosed with traumatic blunt cardiac injury. Both patients had left atrial thrombus formation, but only case 1 underwent antiplatelet therapy and experienced thromboembolic spread. Blunt cardiac injury and related consequences should be considered in traumatised patients. ECG together with cardiac troponin-I measurement and echocardiography could help clinicians to diagnose and monitor the condition.

  • cardiology
  • dogs
  • echocardiography
  • trauma
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Footnotes

  • Presented at 17thEVECC Congress in Venice, on June 2018, as a poster

  • Contributors All the authors contributed to the data collection, interpretation of the exams and critical revision of the article. IB, MLPP, AC drafted the article and gave final approval of the version to be published.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval We have described the diagnostic procedures and management of traumatic injuries reported by two dogs following motor vehicle accident. All the clinical procedures have been performed following the currents guidelines of best veterinary practice.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement No additional data are available.

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