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Dogs
Clinical spirocercosis in a dog in the UK
  1. Myles McKenna1,
  2. Poppy Charlotte Bristow1,
  3. Alejandro Suarez-Bonnet2,
  4. Mark T Fox2 and
  5. Barbara Glanemann1
  1. 1Clinical Services Division, Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, UK
  2. 2Department of Pathology and Pathogen Biology, Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Myles McKenna; mmckenna{at}rvc.ac.uk

Abstract

A 2-year-old female neutered crossbreed dog was presented for evaluation of a 3-day history of haematemesis, melaena and hyporexia. The dog had been imported from a rescue centre in Hungary 4 months prior to presentation. Abdominal CT revealed the presence of a 3 cm×3 cm×4 cm diameter heterogenous intraluminal mass lesion in the gastric cardia, surrounding the ostium of the cardia and continuous with the distal oesophagus. The mass lesion was subsequently surgically resected. Histopathology of the gastric mass lesion was consistent with a Spirocerca lupi granuloma. The patient unfortunately developed a pyothorax and suffered cardiopulmonary arrest resulting in death 2 days postoperatively. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first reported case of clinical spirocercosis reported in a dog in the UK.

  • endoparasites
  • nematodes
  • infectious diseases
  • parasitology
  • dogs
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Footnotes

  • Contributors MM wrote the initial draft of this document. MM, PCB and BG oversaw parts of the treatment. ASB interpreted the histopathology. MTF identified the parasites. PCB, ASB, MTF and BG made final edits to the report.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article.

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