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Mammals (other)
Benign juvenile focal epilepsy in a captive Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus)
  1. Juan J Mínguez1,2,
  2. Fernando Martinez3,
  3. Astrid Vargas3,
  4. Annette Wessmann4 and
  5. Valentina Lorenzo2
  1. 1Neurology & Neurosurgery Department, Hospital Veterinario Guadiamar, Sanlucar la Mayor, Sevilla, Spain
  2. 2Neurology & Neurosurgery Department, Neurologia Veterinaria, Getafe, Madrid, Spain
  3. 3Veterinary Medicine Department, Centro de Cría de Lince Ibérico El Acebuche, Almonte, Spain
  4. 4Neurology and Neurosurgery, Pride Veterinary Centre, Derby, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Juan J Mínguez; juanjo.minguez{at}


An 8-week-old intact male lynx cub (Lynx pardinus) from a captive breeding colony was presented with a 2-day history of cluster seizures. There was no history of intoxication. Physical and neurological examinations were normal. Complete blood profile, infectious diseases panel, MRI of the brain and cerebrospinal fluid analysis were unremarkable. A diagnosis of suspected idiopathic epilepsy was made. The lynx cub was treated with increasing doses of phenobarbital and seizure activity stopped within 28 days. After 23 seizure-free months, phenobarbital was tapered over 4 months and finally discontinued. No further seizures were observed during the follow-up period of 8 years. Given the early onset followed by rapid and maintained remission, seizure semiology and the lack of underlying disease, a presumptive diagnosis of benign focal epilepsy similar to benign childhood focal epilepsies as described in human medicine is postulated.

  • Benign juvenile epilepsy
  • Iberian lynx
  • focal epilepsy
  • childhod epilepsy
  • epilepsy remission
  • captive breeding
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  • Contributors All authors have reviewed and accepted the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article.

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