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Successful treatment of hypogammaglobulinaemia in a camel calf (Camelus dromedarius) by maternal blood transfusion
  1. Mehran Dabiri1,
  2. Jorgen S Agerholm2 and
  3. Massoud Talebkhan Garoussi1
  1. 1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran (the Islamic Republic of)
  2. 2Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Taastrup, Denmark
  1. Correspondence to Dr Massoud Talebkhan Garoussi; garoussi{at}


A well-functioning humoral immune response is critical for the immune function of neonatal camel calves. A two-week-old dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) calf was presented for examination. Leucocytosis and neutrophilia with a mild left shift and toxic changes were present. The plasma total protein (PTP) level was 4.32 g/dl, being consistent with failure of transfer of colostral immunoglobulins. Since commercial camel plasma was not available, whole blood (1 litre) was transferred intravenously from the dam to the calf. This was repeated three days later. The PTP had increased to 6.1 g/dl on the day after the second infusion. Blood transfusion from the dam to a calf with insufficient uptake of immunoglobulins increases the calf’s chance of survival. For veterinarians working in low-income or rural areas, blood transfusion should be considered an easy and cheap option in cases of insufficient uptake of immunoglobulins to save the life of the calf.

  • blood transfusion
  • treatment
  • colostrum deficiency
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  • Contributors MD performed the clinical investigation and drafted the manuscript. JSA participated in critical evaluation of the study and edited the manuscript. MTG supervised the study, critically discussed the study and participated in drafting the manuscript. All authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article.

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