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Cats
Spontaneous gastric rupture presenting as severe pneumoperitoneum in a cat with presumed idiopathic gastric ulceration
  1. Luis Mate de Haro1,
  2. Beatriz Moreno-Aguado2,
  3. Juan Martí3 and
  4. Darren Kelly1
  1. 1Medicine Service, Southern Counties Veterinary Specialists, Ringwood, Hampshire, UK
  2. 2Department of Radiology, Southern Counties Veterinary Specialists, Ringwood, Hampshire, UK
  3. 3Department of Surgery, Southern Counties Veterinary Specialists, Ringwood, Hampshire, UK
  1. Correspondence to Luis Mate de Haro; lmate1491{at}gmail.com

Abstract

An 11-year-old female British blue cat was referred for investigation of acute onset vomiting and marked abdominal enlargement. Diagnostic investigations confirmed a large volume of free gas within the abdomen and changes highly suspicious of an ulcerative gastric lesion. Exploratory surgery confirmed the presence of a perforated gastric ulcer and histological analysis showed only associated inflammatory change. The ulcerated lesions were resected, and the cat recovered rapidly with complete resolution of clinical signs. Spontaneous gastric rupture due complete perforation of an ulcer is rarely reported in cats. The vast majority of reported cases present with septic peritonitis, and the majority are subsequently diagnosed with neoplastic disease or a chronic inflammatory aetiology. The cat reported here had no evidence of septic peritonitis, and the authors feel a final diagnosis of idiopathic gastric ulceration is most likely.

  • feline
  • stomach
  • perforation
  • peritonitis
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Footnotes

  • Contributors All authors contributed to this report and fulfilled the requirements for authorship.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available in a public, open access repository.

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