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Amphibians, reptiles and fish
Successful correction of a prefemoral hernia with free coelomic yolk in a Texas tortoise (Gopherus berlandieri)
  1. Rodrigo Reinoso1 and
  2. Randall Arguedas2,3
  1. 1Acutus Medicina Veterinaria, Monterrey, Mexico
  2. 2Zoológico Nacional SImón Bolívar, San José, Costa Rica
  3. 3Universidad Técnica Nacional, Sede Atenas, Alajuela, Costa Rica
  1. Correspondence to Dr Randall Arguedas; ranarg{at}


An approximately 10-year-old female Texas tortoise (Gopherus berlandieri) with a large right prefemoral fossa mass was presented after brumation. Based on CT and fine needle aspiration, the animal was diagnosed with a hernia. Following surgery to correct the defect, free yolk was detected in the coelomic cavity and several saline lavages were employed. A polypropylene mesh was used to ensure correction of the hernia. We suggest that the excessive follicular development caused tension to the muscular wall and that the coelomic yolk caused severe irritation, and the inflammatory reaction weakened and finally caused a disruption of the coelomic membrane, resulting in rupture of the muscular wall. The patient fed voluntarily 6 days after surgery and remained normal over 1 year postsurgery.

  • polypropylene mesh
  • Gopherus berlandieri
  • Texas tortoise
  • hernia
  • yolk
  • coeliotomy
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  • Contributors RR was the clinician and performed the diagnosis and surgery, and wrote the clinical presentation. RA help to take diagnosis and surgical decisions and wrote the Discussion section.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement There are no data in this work.

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