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Long-term outcome of a combined surgical approach for repair of femoral avulsion fracture of the caudal cruciate ligament in a dog
  1. Alexandros Bourbos1,2,
  2. Filippo Cinti1,3,
  3. Massimo Baroni4,
  4. Valentina Piola5 and
  5. Guido Pisani1
  1. 1Surgery, Clinica Veterinaria Pisani Carli Chiodo, Luni Mare, Ortonovo, Italy
  2. 2Surgery, Clinica Veterinaria Vezzoni, Cremona, Italy
  3. 3Surgery, Eastcott Referrals, Swindon, UK
  4. 4Neurology, Clinica Valdinievole, Monsummano Terme, Italy
  5. 5Vet CT Specialists, Cambridge, UK
  1. Correspondence to Alexandros Bourbos; alxbourbos{at}


A four-month-old male boxer dog was presented with a one-week history of acute right hindlimb lameness after an injury. Physical and radiographic examinations confirmed a femoral avulsion fracture of the caudal cruciate ligament. Surgical repair was elected using a combination of arthroscopy and arthrotomy to place a monofilament absorbable suture material through the parallel bone tunnels to reduce the avulsed bone fragment. The last follow-up examination 2.5 years postoperatively showed good to excellent limb function and mild periarticular changes.

  • caudal cruciate ligament
  • arthroscopy
  • dogs
  • avulsion ligament
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  • Contributors All authors contributed to the conception of the study, study design, acquisition of data, data analysis and interpretation, as well as in drafting and revising and approval of the submitted manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available upon request.

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