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Cats
Lynxacarus and Demodex infestation in a captive jaguar (Panthera onca) in La Democracia, Belize
  1. Isabel Angelica Jimenez1,2,
  2. Margaret R Odom1,
  3. Sara E Childs-Sanford3,
  4. Araceli Lucio-Forster4 and
  5. Dwight D Bowman4
  1. 1College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
  2. 2Animal Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
  3. 3Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
  4. 4Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Isabel Angelica Jimenez; iaj7{at}cornell.edu

Abstract

An 8.5-year-old female jaguar (Panthera onca) was presented for evaluation of hypersalivation and maxillary soft tissue swelling. On physical examination, the patient was thin and had multiple small areas of alopecia and excoriations throughout the hair coat along the trunk, tail, hocks, pinnae and bridge of the nose. A skin scraping of affected areas was collected; samples contained hairs with hair-clasping listrophorid mites consistent with the genus Lynxacarus. Otic cytology revealed elongated mites consistent with the genus Demodex. The jaguar was treated with subcutaneous ivermectin (0.2 mg/kg) and four months later was treated with one dose of topical Frontline Plus (10 mg/kg fipronil and 9 mg/kg S-methoprene). Six months from initial diagnosis, clinical resolution of alopecia and excoriations was evident, and samples from 11 locations did not reveal any ectoparasites. This is the first report of the recovery of mites of the genera Lynxacarus and Demodex from a jaguar.

  • acari
  • alopecia
  • ectoparasite
  • felid
  • fur mite
  • listrophorid
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Footnotes

  • Funding This material is based upon work funded by the John T. and Jane A. Wiederhold Foundation through grant support made available to the College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article.

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