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Anaesthetic complications and management of a great dane presenting with acute respiratory distress
  1. Camilla Ferrero and
  2. Karla Borland
  1. Anaesthesia Department, Anderson Moores Veterinary Specialists, Winchester, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Camilla Ferrero;{at}


Anaesthesia can be challenging in animals with acute respiratory distress. This report details the management of a seven-year-old female great dane who initially presented with acute onset tachypnoea and retching. Under general anaesthesia, the dog was initially tachycardic, hypotensive and developed hypoxaemia. CT revealed a hiatal hernia with complete gastric herniation, gastric dilatation and suspected volvulus. At surgery, a type IV hiatal hernia with splenic involvement was confirmed. Following correction of the hernia and repositioning of the stomach and the spleen, oxygen saturation improved, and volume-controlled ventilation was initiated. The dog recovered from general anaesthesia but developed oliguria, anaemia and became oxygen dependent in the following 48 hours. The dog was subsequently euthanased owing to a grave prognosis.

  • abdominal
  • anaesthesia
  • analgesia
  • fluid therapy
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  • Contributors CF was involved in the anaesthesia of the case and has written the manuscript. KB was involved in the anaesthesia of the case and reviewed and corrected the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article.

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