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Atypical case of parietal fibrinous peritonitis in a Belgian Blue heifer without a history of laparotomy
  1. Salem Djebala1,
  2. Julien Evrard2,
  3. Nassim Moula3,
  4. Arnaud Sartelet1 and
  5. Philippe Bossaert1
  1. 1Clinical Department of Ruminant, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
  2. 2Gestion et Prévention de Santé, Regional Association of Health and Animal Identification, Ciney, Belgium
  3. 3Department of Animal Production, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
  1. Correspondence to Dr Salem Djebala; sdjebala{at}


A 19-month-old Belgian Blue heifer was referred to the Veterinary Clinic of Liege University. The heifer was 2 months pregnant by insemination and presented hyperthermia, anorexia and weight loss. Rectal palpation revealed a large, depressible abdominal mass. Diagnosis of parietal fibrinous peritonitis (PFP) was made by ultrasound, revealing a liquid and fibrin filled cavity attached to the abdominal wall. Blood analysis indicated an inflammatory status. Analysis of a PFP fluid sample confirmed bacterial contamination. Treatment, apart from fluids, antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, consisted of surgical drainage and repeated flushing of the cavity. Complete resorption of the cavity was observed after 5 weeks. The heifer remained pregnant but died 7 months later, after elective caesarean section, due to generalised peritonitis. This is the first report of PFP in an animal without a history of laparotomy. The PFP may have been caused by an insemination-induced trauma.

  • parietal fibrinous peritonitis
  • heifer
  • artificial insemination
  • rectal palpation
  • ultrasound
  • surgical drainage
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  • Contributors Conception and design: SD, PB. Acquisition of data: SD, AS. Revising article for intellectual content: SD, JE, NM, AS, PB. Final approval of the completed article: SD, JE, NM, AS, PB.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article.

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