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Dogs
Kasabach-Merritt-like syndrome in a dog secondary to isolated splenic haemangiomatosis
  1. Paolo Pazzi1,
  2. Sarah Clift2,
  3. Marthinus Jacobus Hartman1 and
  4. Nicolize O'Dell2
  1. 1Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa
  2. 2Department of Paraclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa
  1. Correspondence to Dr Paolo Pazzi; paolo.pazzi{at}up.ac.za

Abstract

A 13-year-old intact male miniature schnauzer presented with lethargy, distended abdomen and pallor. Pancytopenia was identified on complete blood count with a severe thrombocytopenia. Cavitatory severe splenomegaly was identified on abdominal ultrasound. Two weeks of immunosuppressive therapy had no effect on the thrombocytopenia and a splenectomy was performed. The platelet count returned to normal within 24 hours of splenectomy. Isolated splenic haemangiomatosis was confirmed on histopathology and immunohistochemistry. The anaemia and severe thrombocytopenia in conjunction with the ultrasound findings and histopathology are characteristic of Kasabach-Merritt syndrome in people. This is the first case of Kasabach-Merritt-like syndrome described in the dog.

  • spleen
  • haemangioma
  • anaemia
  • thrombocytopenia
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Footnotes

  • Contributors All authors made substantial contributions to the conception, acquisition and analysis of data for the work as well as drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content. All authors also gave final approval of the version to be published and agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article.

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