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Catheter fragment embolism in a dog
  1. Mathilde Porato1,
  2. Vincent Marolf2 and
  3. Anne-Laure Etienne3
  1. 1Department of Clinical Sciences (Companion animals and equids), Université de Liège Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Liège, Belgium
  2. 2Veterinary Center Medi-Vet, Lausanne, Switzerland
  3. 3Diagnostic Imaging Section, Université de Liège Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Liège, Belgium
  1. Correspondence to Dr Mathilde Porato; mporato{at}


Catheter fragment embolism is a potential complication of peripheral venous catheterisation. A three-year-old male dachshund was treated for a tibial fracture. The anaesthesia, orthopaedic procedure and hospitalisation recovery were uneventful. At the time of venous catheter removal, its breakage was noticed. A catheter tip embolisation was suspected and confirmed in the cephalic vein with radiography and ultrasound. A tourniquet was immediately applied proximally to the elbow. It prevented the catheter tip from further migration and central embolisation. A longitudinal venotomy of the cephalic vein allowed the removal of the fragment. Stitches were removed 10 days later and clinical examination was normal.

  • dogs
  • catherisations and pacing
  • vascular surgery
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  • Contributors MP, VM and A-LE contributed to the planning, conduct and reporting of the work described in the article.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article.

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