Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Primary ganglioneuroblastoma in a red deer (Cervus elaphus)
  1. Ostfeld Nina1,
  2. Tahas Stamatios Alan2,
  3. Hatt Jean-Michel3 and
  4. Hilbe Monika4
  1. 1Pathology, Vetsuisse Faculty Bern and Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  2. 2Zoological Society of London Regent's Park, London, UK
  3. 3Clinic for Zoo Animals, Exotic Pets and Wildlife, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  4. 4Immunopathology, Institute of Veterinary Pathology, Zurich, Switzerland
  1. Correspondence to Mrs Ostfeld Nina; nina.ostfeld2{at}


We describe the first case of a ganglioneuroblastoma in an adult red deer (Cervus elaphus). This neoplasia showed a unique cervical localisation: it was strongly adhered to the left thyroid gland and contributed to dysphagia via oesophageal compression. Although seldom reported, neoplasias should be included in differential diagnoses for dysphagia in wildlife.

  • ganglioneuroblastoma
  • wildlife
  • neoplasia
View Full Text

Statistics from


  • Contributors All authors of the paper have read and approved the final version of the manuscript submitted and made substantive contributions to the work.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement There are no data in this work.

  • Author note We hereby submit the article entitled “Primary ganglioneuroblastoma in a deer“ for publication in Vet Record Case Reports. The manuscript describes a known tumour in an unknown species, has not been submitted to any other journal nor has been submitted or published elsewhere. Furthermore, there is no duality of interest. Although the described tumour is seldom reported, neoplasias should be included in significant differential diagnoses for dysphagia in wildlife animals.

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.