A 27-year-old female Kodiak bear displayed signs of progressive visual loss over an 18-year period. The bear was examined under general anaesthesia, where fixed mydriatic pupils, a diffusely hyper-reflective retina with vascular attenuation was observed. An electroretinogram was performed bilaterally, revealing no electrical activity associated with either retina and confirming a diagnosis of severe bilateral retinal degeneration. The bear was euthanased eight months later due to a diagnosis of a metastasised hepatic neoplasm. Histopathology of the bear’s eyes revealed marked outer layer retinal degeneration. The aetiology of this retinal degeneration could not be confirmed.
- kodiak bear
- retinal degeneration
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Contributors KAC: drafting and final approval of the version published. SK and CJW: critical revision and final approval of the version published. BDR and PMGM: drafting and critical revision.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data availability statement There are no data in this work.
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