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Cattle
Horn-induced traumatic caudoventral abdominal wall hernia management and repair in an adult Highland cow
  1. Caroline Knox Benham,
  2. Vincent Doré and
  3. Pierre-Yves Mulon
  1. Large Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Tennessee Knoxville College of Veterinary Medicine, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Pierre-Yves Mulon; pmulon{at}utk.edu
  • Present affiliation The present affiliation of Vincent Doré is: College of Veterinary Medicine of the Universite de Montreal, St-Hyacinthe (Quebec), Canada

Abstract

An adult Highland cow weighing 380 kg presented following a five-day history of inappetence, recumbency and trauma inflicted by herd-mates. Physical exam demonstrated significant swelling of the right ventral abdomen with skin excoriations. Abdominal ultrasound of the bulging area indicated significant oedema within pockets, thinning of the right body wall compared with the left side, as well as accumulation of free abdominal fluid. Severe mastitis was noted in three quarters of its udder. The patient was stabilised with intravenous fluids, electrolytes and a belly band. It developed severe, haemorrhagic diarrhoea over the following days, and an exploratory laparotomy was performed. A complete 50 cm-long abdominal wall laceration in the caudoventral right paralumbar fossa was repaired, and jejunal resection and anastomosis performed. The patient recovered with supportive care. Surgical complications included postoperative pneumonia and development of a surgical site infection. The patient maintains good quality of life.

  • cattle
  • hernia
  • surgery
  • abdominal
  • trauma
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Footnotes

  • Contributors All listed authors' contributions include drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, and final approval of the version published.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article.

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