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Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings in a dog with apocrine gland anal sac adenocarcinoma with vertebral canal metastasis
  1. Dan Kenny1,
  2. Vasiliki Lantzaki2,
  3. Rodney Ayl3 and
  4. David Barker1
  1. 1Surgery, Paragon Veterinary Referrals, Wakefield, West Yorkshire, UK
  2. 2Internal Medicine, Paragon Veterinary Referrals, Wakefield, West Yorkshire, UK
  3. 3Oncology, Paragon Veterinary Referrals, Wakefield, West Yorkshire, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dan Kenny; dan.kenny{at}


A 10-year-old male neutered cocker spaniel was presented for further investigation of an enlarged sublumbar lymph node, which was cytologically consistent with epithelial cell malignancy. CT revealed marked left medial and internal iliac and mild lumbo-aortic lymphadenomegaly. Surgical extirpation of the lymph nodes was performed, and histopathology was consistent with poorly differentiated carcinoma. Despite the absence of a discernible primary lesion, metastatic apocrine gland anal sac adenocarcinoma (AGASAC) was suspected and chemotherapy was started. Six days after starting chemotherapy, the patient developed acute-onset paraparesis and trembling. MRI revealed a left-sided extradural mass at the level of T11–T13. CT imaging revealed mild enlargement of multiple left sided lumbo-aortic lymph nodes. The dog was euthanised 3 days later due to neurological deterioration. Postmortem examination confirmed a diagnosis of left AGASAC with local lymph node and T11–T13 vertebral canal metastasis.

  • apocrine gland anal sac adenocarcinoma (AGASAC)
  • vertebral canal metastasis
  • lymph node metastasis
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • computed tomography (CT)
  • canine
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  • Contributors All four authors contributed to case management. DB and DK performed diagnostic investigations and surgical treatment and RA and VL were involved with medical therapy. DK and VL provided written description and discussion of the case. All four authors provided input on revisions to the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement There are no data in this work.

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