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Successful management of severe epistaxis in a dog with leishmaniasis using nasal balloon catheters and carotid artery ligation
  1. Laura Ruys
  1. AniCura Diergeneeskundig Verwijscentrum Dordrecht, Dordrecht, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Dr Laura Ruys; laura.ruys{at}


This case describes a dog with severe epistaxis due to an infection with Leishmania infantum. The dog was hypovolemic and anaemic at presentation. Standard treatment with sedation and application of gauzes with epinephrine was unsuccessful. The bleeding was temporarily controlled by applying two balloon catheters in the right nasal passage under general anaesthesia. The bleeding recurred after one of the catheters got displaced. Ultimately, the right common carotid artery was ligated, after which right-sided epistaxis did not recur.

  • leishmaniasis
  • emergency medicine
  • epistaxis
  • balloon catheter
  • carotic artery
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  • Contributors I am the only author of this article.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement There are no data in this work.

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