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Humeral fracture repair in an African green monkey (Chlorocebus sabaeus)
  1. Ryan Patrick Cavanaugh1,
  2. Priti Karnik1 and
  3. Tatiana Corey2
  1. 1Clinical Sciences, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Basseterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis
  2. 2St Kitts Biomedical Research Foundation, Basseterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ryan Patrick Cavanaugh; rcavanaugh{at}


An approximately 16-year-old, 6.5-kg entire male African green monkey (Chlorocebus sabaeus) was evaluated for acute-onset soft-tissue swelling and disuse of the left forelimb. Orthogonal radiographs of the humerus revealed a closed, complete, short oblique fracture of the distal one-third humeral diaphysis. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) was performed using a plate-rod construct. Convalescence and proactive rehabilitation allowed for uneventful healing, with radiographic documentation of a bony union at the fracture site nine weeks postoperatively. Open fracture management in non-human primates is uncommonly performed, and this case revealed some of the considerations and methods critical to ORIF of humeral fractures in captive monkeys.

  • humeral fracture
  • African green monkey
  • wildlife
  • Chlorocebus sabaeus
  • zoo animals
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  • Contributors All authors contributed equally to the generation of this manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement There are no data in this work.

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